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Conversion Therapy Laws

Conversion therapy laws prohibit licensed mental health practitioners from subjecting LGBT minors to harmful "conversion therapy" practices that attempt to change their sexual orientation or gender identity. These laws do not restrict the practice among religious providers. For an in-depth analysis of these laws, please read our LGBT Policy Spotlight Report: Conversion Therapy Bans. For additional information, please contact the National Center for Lesbian Rights or The Trevor Project.
United States Map
Washington New York U.S. Virgin Islands Puerto Rico Guam Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands American Samoa New Hampshire Vermont Virginia Pennsylvania New York Maine West Virginia Ohio Kentucky Indiana Michigan Illinois Wisconsin North Carolina South Carolina Tennessee Georgia Florida Mississippi Missouri Arkansas Louisiana Iowa Minnesota Oklahoma Kansas Nebraska South Dakota North Dakota Texas 33 Colorado Wyoming Montana Idaho Arizona Utah Nevada Oregon California Hawaii Alaska Massachusetts Rhode Island Connecticut New Jersey Delaware Maryland Washington D.C. New Hampshire Vermont
  • State law bans conversion therapy for minors (18 states, 0 territories + D.C.)
  • State partially bans conversion therapy for minors (1 state, 1 territory)
  • No state law or policy (31 states, 4 territories)
*NOTE: In November 2019, Utah's governor announced proposed regulations that would prohibit conversion therapy for minors.  These rules are not yet official or in effect, and once they are (as early as January 2020), this map will be updated.
*NOTE: In August 2019, North Carolina's governor banned the use of taxpayer dollars for conversion therapy practices. This does not fully prohibit the practice by state-licensed professionals, as other states have done.

Recommended citation:
Movement Advancement Project. "Equality Maps: Conversion Therapy Laws." http://www.lgbtmap.org/equality-maps/conversion_therapy (date of access).

Percent of Adult LGBT Population Covered by Laws

*Note: These percentages reflect estimates of the LGBT adult population living in the 50 states and the District of Columbia. Estimates of the LGBT adult population in the five inhabited U.S. territories are not available, and so cannot be reflected here.

44%

44 % of LGBT population lives in states that ban conversion therapy for minors

3%

3 % of LGBT population lives in states that partially bans conversion therapy for minors

53%

53 % of LGBT population lives in states with no laws or policies banning conversion therapy for minors

Conversion therapy laws prohibit licensed mental health practitioners from subjecting LGBT minors to harmful "conversion therapy" practices that attempt to change their sexual orientation or gender identity. These laws do not restrict the practice among religious providers. For an in-depth analysis of these laws, please read our LGBT Policy Spotlight Report: Conversion Therapy Bans. For additional information, please contact the National Center for Lesbian Rights or The Trevor Project.

States in dark green reflect states with state-wide bans; 100% of the state population is protected. If a state is beige and has no pin, then there are no local or state bans against conversion therapy, and therefore 0% of the state population is protected from this harmful practice. 
United States Map
  • Percent of the state population protected from conversion therapy
  • Percent of the state population protected from conversion therapy by local ordinances
*NOTE: In August 2019, North Carolina's governor banned the use of taxpayer dollars for conversion therapy practices. This does not fully prohibit the practice by state-licensed professionals, as other states have done.

Recommended citation:
Movement Advancement Project. "Equality Maps: Conversion Therapy Laws." http://www.lgbtmap.org/equality-maps/conversion_therapy (date of access).

Percent of Adult LGBT Population Covered by Laws

*Note: These percentages reflect estimates of the LGBT adult population living in the 50 states and the District of Columbia. Estimates of the LGBT adult population in the five inhabited U.S. territories are not available, and so cannot be reflected here.

0%

0 % of U.S. population living in states or localities with laws banning conversion therapy for minors

0%

0 % of U.S. population living in states or localities with no laws banning conversion therapy for minors

Alabama

Conversion Therapy 0% of population protected

Alaska

Conversion Therapy 0% of population protected

American Samoa

Conversion Therapy 0% of population protected

State has law that covers sexual orientation and gender identity
Cities and counties prohibiting employment discrimination based on sexual orientation and gender identity
  • Pima County

Arizona

Conversion Therapy 15% of population protected


City and County Numbers:

1 county out of 15 has an ordinance prohibiting discrimination based on gender identity in private employment, housing, and public accommodations.

0 cities have an ordinance prohibiting discrimination based on gender identity in private employment, housing, and public accommodations.


City and County Listing:

  • Pima County

Arkansas

Conversion Therapy 0% of population protected

California

Conversion Therapy 100% of population protected

State has law that covers sexual orientation and gender identity
Cities and counties prohibiting employment discrimination based on sexual orientation and gender identity
  • Denver

Colorado

Conversion Therapy 100% of population protected

Connecticut

Conversion Therapy 100% of population protected

Delaware

Conversion Therapy 100% of population protected

District of Columbia

Conversion Therapy 100% of population protected

State has law that covers sexual orientation and gender identity
Cities and counties prohibiting employment discrimination based on sexual orientation and gender identity
  • Bay Harbor Islands
  • Boca Raton
  • Boynton Beach
  • Delray Beach
  • El Portal
  • Gainesville
  • Greenacres
  • Key West
  • Lake Worth
  • Miami
  • Miami Beach
  • North Bay Village
  • Oakland Park
  • Riviera Beach
  • Tallahassee
  • Wellington
  • West Palm Beach
  • Wilton Manors
  • Fort Lauderdale
  • Alachua County
  • Broward County
  • Palm Beach County

Florida

Conversion Therapy 21% of population protected


City and County Numbers:

3 counties out of 67 have an ordinance prohibiting discrimination based on gender identity in private employment, housing, and public accommodations.

19 cities have an ordinance prohibiting discrimination based on gender identity in private employment, housing, and public accommodations.


City and County Listing:

  • Bay Harbor Islands
  • Boca Raton
  • Boynton Beach
  • Delray Beach
  • El Portal
  • Fort Lauderdale
  • Gainesville
  • Greenacres
  • Key West
  • Lake Worth
  • Miami
  • Miami Beach
  • North Bay Village
  • Oakland Park
  • Riviera Beach
  • Tallahassee
  • Wellington
  • West Palm Beach
  • Wilton Manors
  • Alachua County
  • Broward County
  • Palm Beach County

Georgia

Conversion Therapy 0% of population protected

Guam

Conversion Therapy 0% of population protected

Hawaii

Conversion Therapy 100% of population protected

Idaho

Conversion Therapy 0% of population protected

Illinois

Conversion Therapy 100% of population protected

Indiana

Conversion Therapy 0% of population protected

Iowa

Conversion Therapy 0% of population protected

Kansas

Conversion Therapy 0% of population protected

Kentucky

Conversion Therapy 0% of population protected

Louisiana

Conversion Therapy 0% of population protected

Maine

Conversion Therapy 100% of population protected

Maryland

Conversion Therapy 100% of population protected

Massachusetts

Conversion Therapy 100% of population protected

State has law that covers sexual orientation and gender identity
Cities and counties prohibiting employment discrimination based on sexual orientation and gender identity
  • Berkley
  • East Lansing
  • Ferndale
  • Huntington Woods

Michigan

Conversion Therapy 1% of population protected


City and County Numbers:

0 counties out of 83 have an ordinance prohibiting discrimination based on gender identity in private employment, housing, and public accommodations.

4 cities have an ordinance prohibiting discrimination based on gender identity in private employment, housing, and public accommodations.


City and County Listing:

  • Berkley
  • East Lansing
  • Ferndale
  • Huntington Woods
State has law that covers sexual orientation and gender identity
Cities and counties prohibiting employment discrimination based on sexual orientation and gender identity
  • Minneapolis

Minnesota

Conversion Therapy 8% of population protected


City and County Numbers:

0 counties out of 0 have an ordinance prohibiting discrimination based on gender identity in private employment, housing, and public accommodations.

1 city has an ordinance prohibiting discrimination based on gender identity in private employment, housing, and public accommodations.


City and County Listing:

  • Minneapolis

Mississippi

Conversion Therapy 0% of population protected

State has law that covers sexual orientation and gender identity
Cities and counties prohibiting employment discrimination based on sexual orientation and gender identity
  • Columbia
  • Kansas City
  • St. Louis

Missouri

Conversion Therapy 15% of population protected


City and County Numbers:

0 counties out of 115 have an ordinance prohibiting discrimination based on gender identity in private employment, housing, and public accommodations.

3 cities have an ordinance prohibiting discrimination based on gender identity in private employment, housing, and public accommodations.


City and County Listing:

  • Columbia
  • Kansas City
  • St. Louis

Montana

Conversion Therapy 0% of population protected

Nebraska

Conversion Therapy 0% of population protected

Nevada

Conversion Therapy 100% of population protected

New Hampshire

Conversion Therapy 100% of population protected

New Jersey

Conversion Therapy 100% of population protected

New Mexico

Conversion Therapy 100% of population protected

State has law that covers sexual orientation and gender identity
Cities and counties prohibiting employment discrimination based on sexual orientation and gender identity
  • Albany
  • New York City
  • Rochester
  • Albany County
  • Erie County
  • Ulster County
  • Westchester County

New York

Conversion Therapy 100% of population protected

North Carolina

Conversion Therapy 0% of population protected

North Dakota

Conversion Therapy 0% of population protected

Northern Mariana Islands

Conversion Therapy 0% of population protected

State has law that covers sexual orientation and gender identity
Cities and counties prohibiting employment discrimination based on sexual orientation and gender identity
  • Athens
  • Cincinnati
  • Columbus
  • Dayton
  • Kent
  • Lakewood
  • Toledo

Ohio

Conversion Therapy 15% of population protected


City and County Numbers:

0 counties out of 88 have an ordinance prohibiting discrimination based on gender identity in private employment, housing, and public accommodations.

7 cities have an ordinance prohibiting discrimination based on gender identity in private employment, housing, and public accommodations.


City and County Listing:

  • Athens
  • Cincinnati
  • Columbus
  • Dayton
  • Kent
  • Lakewood
  • Toledo

Oklahoma

Conversion Therapy 0% of population protected

Oregon

Conversion Therapy 100% of population protected

State has law that covers sexual orientation and gender identity
Cities and counties prohibiting employment discrimination based on sexual orientation and gender identity
  • Allentown
  • Bellefonte Borough
  • Bethlehem
  • Doylestown Borough
  • Erie
  • Philadelphia
  • Pittsburgh
  • Reading
  • State College
  • Yardley Borough
  • Newtown Township (Bucks County)

Pennsylvania

Conversion Therapy 18% of population protected


City and County Numbers:

0 counties out of 67 have an ordinance prohibiting discrimination based on gender identity in private employment, housing, and public accommodations.

11 cities have an ordinance prohibiting discrimination based on gender identity in private employment, housing, and public accommodations.


City and County Listing:

  • Allentown
  • Bellefonte Borough
  • Bethlehem
  • Doylestown Borough
  • Erie
  • Newtown Township (Bucks County)
  • Philadelphia
  • Pittsburgh
  • Reading
  • State College
  • Yardley Borough

Puerto Rico

Conversion Therapy 100% of population protected

Rhode Island

Conversion Therapy 100% of population protected

South Carolina

Conversion Therapy 0% of population protected

South Dakota

Conversion Therapy 0% of population protected

Tennessee

Conversion Therapy 0% of population protected

Texas

Conversion Therapy 0% of population protected

U.S. Virgin Islands

Conversion Therapy 0% of population protected

Utah

Conversion Therapy 0% of population protected


*Utah's state and local nondiscrimination protections only cover employment and housing. Utah's protections exclude public accommodations.

Vermont

Conversion Therapy 100% of population protected

Virginia

Conversion Therapy 0% of population protected

State has law that covers sexual orientation and gender identity
Cities and counties prohibiting employment discrimination based on sexual orientation and gender identity
  • Seattle

Washington

Conversion Therapy 100% of population protected

West Virginia

Conversion Therapy 0% of population protected

State has law that covers sexual orientation and gender identity
Cities and counties prohibiting employment discrimination based on sexual orientation and gender identity
  • Cudahy
  • Eau Claire
  • Madison
  • Milwaukee
  • Racine
  • Sheboygan
  • Shorewood
  • Superior
  • Glendale

Wisconsin

Conversion Therapy 19% of population protected


City and County Numbers:

0 counties out of 72 have an ordinance prohibiting discrimination based on gender identity in private employment, housing, and public accommodations.

9 cities have an ordinance prohibiting discrimination based on gender identity in private employment, housing, and public accommodations.


City and County Listing:

  • Cudahy
  • Eau Claire
  • Glendale
  • Madison
  • Milwaukee
  • Racine
  • Sheboygan
  • Shorewood
  • Superior

Wyoming

Conversion Therapy 0% of population protected

Key
  • State has this law Law bans conversion therapy for minors
State Conversion Therapy Law Year Passed
  Citations
Alabama
Alaska
American Samoa
Arizona
Arkansas
California State has this law 2012
Colorado State has this law 2019
Connecticut State has this law 2017
Delaware State has this law 2018
District of Columbia State has this law 2014
Florida
Georgia
Guam
Hawaii State has this law 2018
Idaho
Illinois State has this law 2015
Indiana
Iowa
Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine State has this law 2019
Maryland State has this law 2018
Massachusetts State has this law 2019
Michigan
Minnesota
Mississippi
Missouri
Montana
Nebraska
Nevada State has this law 2017
New Hampshire State has this law 2018
New Jersey State has this law 2013
New Mexico State has this law 2017
New York State has this law 2019
North Carolina 2019
North Dakota
Northern Mariana Islands
Ohio
Oklahoma
Oregon State has this law 2015
Pennsylvania
Puerto Rico 2019
Rhode Island State has this law 2017
South Carolina
South Dakota
Tennessee
Texas
U.S. Virgin Islands
Utah
Vermont State has this law 2016
Virginia
Washington State has this law 2018
West Virginia
Wisconsin
Wyoming
Data current as of 12/13/2019
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Sexual Orientation Policy Tally

The term “sexual orientation” is loosely defined as a person’s pattern of romantic or sexual attraction to people of the opposite sex or gender, the same sex or gender, or more than one sex or gender. Laws that explicitly mention sexual orientation primarily protect or harm lesbian, gay, and bisexual people. That said, transgender people who are lesbian, gay or bisexual can be affected by laws that explicitly mention sexual orientation.

Gender Identity Policy Tally

“Gender identity” is a person’s deeply-felt inner sense of being male, female, or something else or in-between. “Gender expression” refers to a person’s characteristics and behaviors such as appearance, dress, mannerisms and speech patterns that can be described as masculine, feminine, or something else. Gender identity and expression are independent of sexual orientation, and transgender people may identify as heterosexual, lesbian, gay or bisexual. Laws that explicitly mention “gender identity” or “gender identity and expression” primarily protect or harm transgender people. These laws also can apply to people who are not transgender, but whose sense of gender or manner of dress does not adhere to gender stereotypes.

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