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Sexual Orientation Policy Tally

The term “sexual orientation” is loosely defined as a person’s pattern of romantic or sexual attraction to people of the opposite sex or gender, the same sex or gender, or more than one sex or gender. Laws that explicitly mention sexual orientation primarily protect or harm lesbian, gay, and bisexual people. That said, transgender people who are lesbian, gay or bisexual can be affected by laws that explicitly mention sexual orientation.

Gender Identity Policy Tally

“Gender identity” is a person’s deeply-felt inner sense of being male, female, or something else or in-between. “Gender expression” refers to a person’s characteristics and behaviors such as appearance, dress, mannerisms and speech patterns that can be described as masculine, feminine, or something else. Gender identity and expression are independent of sexual orientation, and transgender people may identify as heterosexual, lesbian, gay or bisexual. Laws that explicitly mention “gender identity” or “gender identity and expression” primarily protect or harm transgender people. These laws also can apply to people who are not transgender, but whose sense of gender or manner of dress does not adhere to gender stereotypes.

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"Out" LGBT Public Officials

United States Map
Vermont New Hampshire Washington D.C. Maryland Delaware New Jersey Connecticut Rhode Island Massachusetts Alaska Hawaii California Oregon Washington Nevada Utah Arizona Idaho Montana Wyoming Colorado 33 Texas North Dakota South Dakota Nebraska Kansas Oklahoma Minnesota Iowa Louisiana Arkansas Missouri Mississippi Florida Georgia Tennessee South Carolina North Carolina Wisconsin Illinois Michigan Indiana Kentucky Ohio West Virginia Maine New York Pennsylvania Virginia Vermont New Hampshire
  • 21+ officials
  • 11-20 officials
  • 6-10 officials
  • 1-5 officials
  • None
For more information, see the Gay and Lesbian Victory Fund at www.victoryfund.org.

Percent of LGBT Population Covered by Laws

32%

32 % of LGBT population lives in states with 21+ out LGBT officials

23%

23 % of LGBT population lives in states with 11-20 out LGBT officials

26%

26 % of LGBT population lives in states with 6-10 out LGBT officials

19%

19 % of LGBT population lives in states with 1-5 out LGBT officials

0%

0 % of LGBT population lives in states with no out LGBT officials

Federal Judiciary: 12

State Total Out Officials U.S. Congress State Legislature State Executive State Judiciary Local
Alabama 1 0 1 0 0 0
Alaska 1 0 0 0 0 1
Arizona 12 1 2 0 0 9
Arkansas 1 0 0 0 0 1
California 106 1 8 0 24 73
Colorado 18 1 8 0 1 8
Connecticut 8 0 2 1 0 5
Delaware 4 0 1 0 0 3
District of Columbia 21 0 1 0 0 20
Florida 25 0 2 0 7 16
Georgia 10 0 3 0 2 5
Hawaii 1 0 1 0 0 0
Idaho 0 0 1 0 0 0
Illinois 25 0 4 0 10 11
Indiana 4 0 0 0 1 3
Iowa 5 0 2 0 0 3
Kansas 1 0 0 0 0 1
Kentucky 5 0 0 0 1 4
Louisiana 1 0 0 0 0 1
Maine 6 0 5 0 0 1
Maryland 16 0 8 0 1 7
Massachusetts 16 0 5 0 0 11
Michigan 9 0 0 0 1 8
Minnesota 8 0 4 0 0 4
Mississippi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Missouri 6 0 3 0 0 3
Montana 5 0 2 0 0 3
Nebraska 1 0 0 0 0 1
Nevada 5 0 5 0 0 0
New Hampshire 4 0 1 1 0 2
New Jersey 9 0 2 0 0 7
New Mexico 7 0 1 0 3 3
New York 35 1 6 0 11 17
North Carolina 7 0 1 0 1 5
North Dakota 2 0 1 0 0 1
Ohio 9 0 2 0 1 6
Oklahoma 3 0 2 0 0 1
Oregon 8 0 1 1 4 2
Pennsylvania 18 0 2 0 4 12
Rhode Island 5 1 4 0 0 0
South Carolina 1 0 0 0 0 1
South Dakota 1 0 1 0 0 0
Tennessee 2 0 0 0 1 1
Texas 12 0 2 0 2 8
Utah 4 0 1 0 0 3
Vermont 7 0 6 0 1 0
Virginia 6 0 1 0 0 5
Washington 20 0 6 0 6 8
West Virginia 3 0 1 0 0 2
Wisconsin 15 2 2 0 1 10
Wyoming 1 0 1 0 0 0
Data current as of 11/22/2016
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