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Sexual Orientation Policy Tally

The term “sexual orientation” is loosely defined as a person’s pattern of romantic or sexual attraction to people of the opposite sex or gender, the same sex or gender, or more than one sex or gender. Laws that explicitly mention sexual orientation primarily protect or harm lesbian, gay, and bisexual people. That said, transgender people who are lesbian, gay or bisexual can be affected by laws that explicitly mention sexual orientation.

Gender Identity Policy Tally

“Gender identity” is a person’s deeply-felt inner sense of being male, female, or something else or in-between. “Gender expression” refers to a person’s characteristics and behaviors such as appearance, dress, mannerisms and speech patterns that can be described as masculine, feminine, or something else. Gender identity and expression are independent of sexual orientation, and transgender people may identify as heterosexual, lesbian, gay or bisexual. Laws that explicitly mention “gender identity” or “gender identity and expression” primarily protect or harm transgender people. These laws also can apply to people who are not transgender, but whose sense of gender or manner of dress does not adhere to gender stereotypes.

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Same-Sex Couples Raising Children

United States Map
Vermont New Hampshire Washington D.C. Maryland Delaware New Jersey Connecticut Rhode Island Massachusetts Alaska Hawaii California Oregon Washington Nevada Utah Arizona Idaho Montana Wyoming Colorado 33 Texas North Dakota South Dakota Nebraska Kansas Oklahoma Minnesota Iowa Louisiana Arkansas Missouri Mississippi Florida Georgia Tennessee South Carolina North Carolina Wisconsin Illinois Michigan Indiana Kentucky Ohio West Virginia Maine New York Pennsylvania Virginia Vermont New Hampshire
  • 20%+ couples raising children(18 states)
  • 16% - 19% couples raising children (30 states)
  • Under 15% couples raising children (2 states + D.C.)
This map shows the percent of same-sex couples raising children based on data from the 2010 Census, conducted by the Census Bureau, and analyzed by the The Williams Institute. For more information about using census data to study same-sex couples and LGBT people, contact The Williams Institute.
State Percent of Same-Sex Couples Raising Children
Alabama 20%
Alaska 23%
Arizona 16%
Arkansas 21%
California 16%
Colorado 16%
Connecticut 17%
Delaware 16%
District of Columbia 9%
Florida 13%
Georgia 20%
Hawaii 16%
Idaho 22%
Illinois 17%
Indiana 19%
Iowa 19%
Kansas 22%
Kentucky 18%
Louisiana 20%
Maine 14%
Maryland 20%
Massachusetts 17%
Michigan 18%
Minnesota 16%
Mississippi 26%
Missouri 17%
Montana 22%
Nebraska 20%
Nevada 17%
New Hampshire 17%
New Jersey 20%
New Mexico 18%
New York 16%
North Carolina 18%
North Dakota 22%
Ohio 18%
Oklahoma 21%
Oregon 16%
Pennsylvania 16%
Rhode Island 16%
South Carolina 19%
South Dakota 21%
Tennessee 18%
Texas 20%
Utah 20%
Vermont 19%
Virginia 16%
Washington 16%
West Virginia 18%
Wisconsin 16%
Wyoming 25%


Data current as of 11/22/2016
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