New Democracy Maps

Voter Roll Purges Based Solely on Infrequent Voting

Voter lists are an important component of a well-functioning election administration system. To maintain the accuracy of their lists, states utilize a number of methods, such as removing voters who have moved or died. However, some states utilize more aggressive tactics which can result in unwarranted removal from registration lists, including removal from registration lists based solely on a voter’s inactivity in recent elections. This practice results in the erroneous removal of hundreds of thousands of voters each year and has a disproportionate impact on voters from historically underrepresented backgrounds.
United States Map
Washington New York U.S. Virgin Islands Puerto Rico Guam Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands American Samoa New Hampshire Vermont Virginia Pennsylvania New York Maine West Virginia Ohio Kentucky Indiana Michigan Illinois Wisconsin North Carolina South Carolina Tennessee Georgia Florida Mississippi Missouri Arkansas Louisiana Iowa Minnesota Oklahoma Kansas Nebraska South Dakota North Dakota Texas 33 Colorado Wyoming Montana Idaho Arizona Utah Nevada Oregon California Hawaii Alaska Massachusetts Rhode Island Connecticut New Jersey Delaware Maryland Washington D.C. New Hampshire Vermont
  • State law does not initiate removal from registration list based solely on voter's inactivity (30 states + D.C.)
  • State law initiates removal from registration list based solely on voter's inactivity (20 states)

Breakdown by Population

*Note: These percentages reflect the voting-eligible population, as reported by the United States Election Project.


66 % of the population lives in states that do not initiate removal from registration list based solely on voter’s inactivity


34 % of the population lives in states that initiate removal from registration list based solely on voter’s inactivity 

Data current as of 04/22/2024
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The term “sexual orientation” is loosely defined as a person’s pattern of romantic or sexual attraction to people of the opposite sex or gender, the same sex or gender, or more than one sex or gender. Laws that explicitly mention sexual orientation primarily protect or harm lesbian, gay, and bisexual people. That said, transgender people who are lesbian, gay or bisexual can be affected by laws that explicitly mention sexual orientation.

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